Tuesday, November 22, 2022

In Memoriam

Immortality  (1932)

Clare Harner Lyon

Journalist and poet from Kansas


Do not stand at my grave and weep

I am not there. I do not sleep.

I am a thousand winds that blow.

I am the diamond glints on snow.

I am the sunlight on ripened grain.

I am the gentle autumn rain.

When you awaken in the morning’s hush

I am the swift uplifting rush.

Of quiet birds in circled flight.

I am the soft stars that shine at night.

Do not stand at my grave and cry;

I am not there. I did not die.

Nova Scotia Cuba Association (NSCUBA) shares the sad news of the passing on Nov 15, 2022 of Sheila MacDonald. Sheila has been a life-member and co-founder of NSCUBA and her actions and contributions were always a source of support to many sharing her dream of justice for Cuba. Sheila's quiet and firm example was always a true inspiration to our members. Her involvement and belief in a better world are recognized by all of us and by the representatives of the people of Cuba. Sheila will be greatly missed at our gatherings, by all of us and, we are sure, by the many who were touched by her generous spirit.

We will remember Sheila and Innis generous hospitality and thank them in our hearts for the many evenings of camaraderie and friendship they made possible at their Fresh Start Bed & Breakfast in Halifax. Many guests from Cuba stayed at their place enjoying first hand their hospitality. Sheila and Innis hosted numerous NSCUBA AGMs and made possible numerous memorable potluck receptions at their home. We, NSCUBA members and friends, want to extend our love and condolences at this challenging time to Sheila's family and, especially, to Sheila's sister Innis. 

Monday, October 3, 2022

  Canadian Network on Cuba 

Hurricane Ian Relief Campaign 

How Cuba has reacted to Hurricane Ian

Dear  friend,

As you will have heard, Cuba has been battered by Hurricane Ian.  We've all seen the dramatic pictures in the news and I thought you’d like a first hand report from Cuba. 

First of all, everyone in Cubania is fine.  Some places still have no electricity and there's a big clean-up job to do.  Cubans know how to do this quite efficiently, it comes as part of the experience of living in Cuba, a country which is frequently battered by hurricanes.  
Hurricane Ian passed through Pinar del Rio province with winds of up to 195kph in the early hours of Tuesday morning. The eye of the storm went directly over Viñales, an important tourist destination, as well as battering other smaller towns and villages in this tobacco growing region.  
We heard from our friend Rachel whose organic farm is perched on the hill overlooking Viñales.  Her farm is well-known for growing the deliciously fresh produce served in their organic restaurant.  The farm has been battered and they have lost crops.   Pictures of the farm show crops crushed by strong winds.  

The tobacco fields, for which Pinar del Rio is so famous, are flooded and the delicate crop has been damaged.  
I spoke to Mayra yesterday.  She lives in the centre of Viñales, where the eye of the storm past and runs a casa particular, renting rooms to visitors who come to enjoy the spectacular scenery of Viñales Valley.   

Mayra told us that trees had been uprooted bringing down power lines as they fell, and that corrugated iron or thatched roofs had been blown away by the strong winds.   She talked of the damage done to farms like Rachel’s.   But she also said that most of the houses in central Viñales have tiled or cement roofs and that these are intact with minor or no damage at all.   When we spoke, they were waiting to be reconnected to the national power grid and she asked us to give them a few days to clear up the fallen trees and debris.  

She was confident that Viñales - in the worst affected area of Cuba - would be ready for business by the beginning of October.  Early next week.   
The entire country suffered a complete blackout on Tuesday when the country’s electrical generators failed.    This morning, Thursday, local news sources report that power has been restored to 72% of users including  Havana, Trinidad, Playa Larga, Cienfuegos, Santa Clara, Varadero and other destinations important to Cuba’s tourism.
No doubt, Hurricane Ian has done serious damage in parts of Cuba, but this is a country which is accustomed to dealing with hurricanes.  In fact the word hurricane comes from the Taino people, indigenous to Cuba  who used the word "huracane" to describe the evil power of strong winds.  They knew about hurricanes.

And we have a lot to learn from present day Cuban expertise when it comes to their systematic approach to preparing for hurricanes, earthquakes and other natural disasters.   
The country is well known in the area for its Civil Defense System, established in 1966, which successfully harnesses the social power of the revolution for relief and rescue operations during and after natural disasters. It coordinates annual drills on a national level, promotes education and oversees communication, from early warnings and emergency alarms to forced evacuations before storms strike followed by guidance for recovery afterward.
More than 70,000 Cubans were evacuated from their homes prior to Hurricane Ian hitting Cuban territory.  They have all be returned to their homes and the clean-up operation has started.  Most of the debris and fallen trees will have been swept up by this weekend.   
The Civil Defense System has created an innate culture of hurricanes, resilience and safety, ensuring that the population is aware of the country’s risk reduction system, educated in risk consciousness and disaster mitigation, able to use the lifeline structures in an emergency and actively participate in disaster preparation and the clean-up operation after a hurricane. 
If you’re travelling to Cuba over the next few weeks, you may see some of the damage caused by Hurricane Ian, especially if you travel to Pinar del Rio.   But be ready to admire the resilience of Cuba too, a country which has picked itself up, cleaned up the mess and started normal life again.  
We look forward to welcoming you soon! 
Un abrazo from Lucy and all the Cubania Team 



Cubania Travel 

click: https://cubaniatravel.com/stories/ 

Tuesday, July 26, 2022

 Resistance, Resilience and Renewal: Cuba Commemorates Moncada

-by Isaac Saney-*

July 26, 2022, marks the 69th anniversary of the act that is annually celebrated all over Cuba as the beginning of the movement and struggle that paved the way for the Cuban Revolution. On that day, Cuba’s rebels - led by Fidel Castro - rose up against the U.S.- supported dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista.  

On July 26, 1953, a group of courageous young men and women attacked the Moncada Barracks in the city of Santiago de Cuba, and the Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Barracks in Bayamo, in an attempt to overthrow the U.S. supported puppet dictator Fulgencio Batista. As the island's second largest military garrison, the Moncada Barracks was critical to Batista's military control of southern Cuba. The goal was to seize the weapons and distribute them to the people and spark a national uprising that would not only overthrow the Batista dictatorship but also establish Cuba's independence and sovereignty. This heroic act is annually commemorated all over Cuba as the beginning of the movement and struggle that laid the foundation of the Cuban Revolution.  

The attacks were carried out by an organization that was created in 1952, under the leadership of Fidel Castro and Abel Santamaria, and comprised of young workers, students, artisans, peasants, and landless farmers. It had around 1,500 members and affiliated itself with historic Cuban national liberation figures such as José Martí and Antonio Maceo. Around 120 youths were part of the attacks, approximately 70 of whom were killed, with many being tortured and executed after the attack. The survivors, including Fidel Castro, were subsequently put on trial, and given lengthy prison sentences. Most, including Fidel Castro, were released after an amnesty in May 1955. This amnesty was the result of the mass mobilization of Cubans in support of the imprisoned rebels. Under the leadership of Fidel Castro, the July 26th Movement galvanized Cubans, ultimately leading to the victory of the Cuban Revolution on January 1, 1959.

The Cuban Revolution is a culmination of the struggles for national independence and social justice, embodied in the indigenous resistance to Spanish colonisation, in African rebellions against slavery, reaching a crescendo on October 10, 1868 when Carlos Manuel de Céspedes launched the first war for independence, carried forward and deepened by José Martí and Antonio Maceo, and revived periodically throughout the 20th century when Cuba languished under U.S. hegemony, with Moncada a crucial signpost.  

The Cuban Revolution is, therefore, the crystallization and consummation of the historical aspirations of the Cuban people, manifested time and time again in their re-affirmation and determination to defend, strengthen and perfect the revolutionary project.

However, the empire has never accepted the verdict of the Cuban people; it has waged an unceasing economic war and campaign of destabilisation aimed at restoring U.S. imperialism's domination and tutelage.

This year’s Moncada celebrations and commemorations occur a little over one year after the failed U.S. financed and organized effort to overthrow Cuba's government by taking advantage of the amplification of serious challenges and difficulties faced by the Cuban nation due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the intensification of Washington’s unrelenting economic war.  

The July 11, 2021, protests in Cuba were maliciously manipulated by reactionary politicians and the monopoly media in various deliberate ways to discredit the Cuban Revolution and create a climate of disinformation and confusion to justify further aggressions against the island nation. However, overwhelmingly, the international community and the world solidarity movement with Cuba united rejecting Washington's economic war and destabilisation campaign. The U.S. state department failed miserably in pressuring countries in the Americas and across the world to join its ignominious and scurrilous attacks and manoeuvres against Cuba. The latest debacle at the Summit of the Americas not only underscored its failure to isolate Cuba but Washington's own estrangement from the region as many countries either stayed away in protest against Cuba's exclusion or sent lower-level delegations, with one participant after another calling for an end to U.S. hostilities against the heroic island nation.  

Nevertheless, Washington remains intransigent. Since the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in 1959, Washington has waged an unceasing assault, both military and economic, against the Cuban people, organizing an invasion, assassinations, terrorist attacks against civilians and systematic economic sabotage. Many of these acts were directly launched from and/or planned in the United States. These acts of terror against Cuba include the 1976 bombing of a civilian Cuban airliner that claimed the lives of 73 people and the 1997 Havana hotel bombings, which claimed the life of Fabio Di Celmo, a young Montrealer of Italian origin. As a point of fact, 3,478 Cubans have been killed and 2,099 injured, because of these terrorist acts.

The objective of Washington’s strategy is the negation and extinguishment of Cuba’s right to self-determination, sovereignty, and independence: to reimpose U.S. domination, hegemony, and tutelage.

The malign goal is to starve the Cuban people into submission by suffocating the economy for the purpose of generating shortages, hardships and exacerbating social inequalities that the Cuban Revolution has been working resolutely to eliminate in order to lead to Washington’s longed-for massive social unrest that would then serve as a pretext to intervene in Cuba.

This was unambiguously articulated by Lester D. Mallory, Vice Secretary of State, and an architect of U.S. Cuba policy. He wrote in a now-declassified U.S. State Department April 6, 1960, memorandum:

“The only foreseeable means of alienating internal support is through disenchantment and disaffection based on economic dissatisfaction and hardship … every possible means should be undertaken promptly to weaken the economic life of Cuba … denying money and supplies to Cuba, to decrease monetary and real wages, to bring about hunger, desperation, and overthrow of government.”

But what is it that Washington seeks to destroy? What is the society that the U.S. government is so zealously committed to undermining?  

Cuba is a society where universal education and health care, housing, food, and access to culture are fundamental human rights, and the state — within its limited resources — does its utmost to transform these aspirations into reality.

Indeed, in Cuba there are no homeless children roaming the streets eking out an existence in a dog-eat-dog society where everyone fends for themselves, so characteristic and defining of profit driven and capital centred societies.

This commitment is affirmed and ratified by and through Cuba’s system of popular power which provides consequential, concrete, and meaningful input into decision-making by the citizenry. Through mass participation and consultation these historical aspirations are expressed in a political consensus to defend, strengthen, and perfect the revolutionary project.
Cuba is the country that despite worldwide attacks on fundamental human rights has created a final draft of a new family code that will be voted on in a September 25, 2022, referendum. The code is guided by José Marti's dictum, "with all and for the good of all", guaranteeing respect for family diversity and defending the rights of all.

Cuba is also the country that has a vibrant biotechnology sector as its own highly effective vaccines and treatments against the corona virus have abundantly demonstrated. Indeed, Cuba’s successful vaccines are a direct challenge to the West’s monopoly over this vital medical technology, especially as these vaccines continue receiving international recognition.  

Cuba is one of the most prescient and powerful voices in both word and deed as humanity faces an ecological catastrophe, developing a plan to 2100 to address the ravages of climate change. Indeed, in 2006, the World Wildlife Fund designated Cuba as the only country with sustainable development.

Besieged by the empire, the heroic island nation has made invaluable contributions to the well-being of the world’s nations and peoples, having established an unparalleled legacy of internationalism and humanitarianism.

More than 400,000 Cuban medical personnel have served in 164 countries fighting disease.

More than 2,000 Cubans gave their lives in the struggles to liberate Africa from the scourge of colonialism and the racist apartheid South African state.  As Nelson Mandela emphasized: "The Cuban people hold a special place in the hearts of the people of Africa. The Cuban internationalists have made a contribution to African independence, freedom, and justice, unparalleled for its principled and selfless character."

It is internationalist Cuba which has selflessly dispatched tens of thousands of medical personnel to dozens of countries across the world to fight disease, be it Ebola or COVID-19.

What Cuba has done nationally and internationally is no small feat. Its impressive achievements have occurred amid an all-sided brutal aggression by Washington.

Commemorations of Moncada Day in Cuba and internationally reflect the ties that exist between Cuba and the world.  The peoples of the world admire the courageous and rebellious spirit embodied in Moncada; a spirit that today is so powerfully manifested in Cuba’s steadfastness against the efforts of the empire to destroy the island’s independence. As Cuba's President, Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez poignantly and repeatedly underscored, "We will not surrender the sovereignty of our country."

While the Moncada attack failed in fulfilling its immediate objective, it was central to the Cuban people's struggle for national affirmation and social emancipation. Cubans have always placed Moncada in a broad historical context, viewing it as a crucial link in the century-long striving of Cuba to free itself from Spanish colonial domination and U.S. tutelage, and then, establish authentic independence. At his trial Fidel Castro delivered a speech that eventually became the manifesto of the movement to overthrow the Batista tyranny. It was published as La Historia Me Absolvera (History Will Absolve Me) and laid out the national and social goals of the revolutionary movement that eventually triumphed on January 1, 1959. Today, the Moncada and Carlos Manuel de Cespedes barracks, now a school and a museum, stand as concrete symbols of that successful struggle.

Although that first battle was lost, the Revolution ultimately prevailed on January 1, 1959.

Since the Cuban people embarked on the road paved by Moncada, Cuba has refuted and continues to refute the colonialist mentality and practice of foisting on independent countries imperial arrangements and dictates that they resoundingly reject. The Cuban Revolution has refused to renounce its right to self-determination, independence and sovereignty, principles forged in the crucible of Moncada.  

*Isaac Saney is a Cuba specialist at Dalhousie University, and the author of Cuba: A Revolution In Motion and the forthcoming, Cuba, Africa, and Apartheid's End: Africa's Children Return. From 2008-2022, he served as co-chair and national spokesperson of the Canadian Network On Cuba, with which he now serves in an advisory capacity.

Saturday, June 11, 2022

 Cuban President: People will be there to represent us!

Monday, April 4, 2022


“Cuba advocates a solution that guarantees the security and sovereignty of all”

Originally published: Granma English by Cubaminex (February 28, 2022 ) 

 Posted Mar 03, 2022


The U.S. determination to continue NATO’s progressive expansion toward the Russian Federation’s borders has brought about a scenario with implications of unpredictable scope, which could have been avoided.

United States’ and NATO’s military moves toward regions adjacent to the Russian Federation in recent months are well known, and were preceded by the delivery of modern weapons to Ukraine, which together constitute a military siege.

It is impossible to make a rigorous and honest examination of the current situation in Ukraine, without carefully assessing the Russian Federation’s just demands of the United States and NATO, and the factors that have led to the use of force and non-observance of legal principles and international norms which Cuba strongly supports and, are, particularly for small countries, an essential resource in resisting hegemony, abuse of power and injustice.

Cuba is a country that defends International Law and is committed to the Charter of the United Nations. Cuba will always defend peace and oppose the use of force, and threats to do so, against any state.

We deeply regret the loss of innocent civilian lives in Ukraine. The Cuban people have had and continue to have a very close relationship with the Ukrainian people.

History will hold the United States accountable for the consequences of an increasingly offensive military doctrine beyond NATO’s borders, which threatens international peace, security and stability.

Our concern has grown worse with NATO’s recent decision to activate, for the first time, its Response Force.

Ignoring the well-founded claims made by the Russian Federation concerning security guarantees for decades and assuming that Russia would remain defenseless in the face of a direct threat to its national security was a mistake. Russia has the right to defend itself. Peace cannot be achieved by mounting sieges or encircling states.

The draft resolution on the situation in Ukraine not adopted by the UN Security Council February 25, which will be submitted to the General Assembly, was not intended as a genuine contribution to resolve the current crisis.

On the contrary, it is an unbalanced text, which does not take into account the legitimate concerns of all parties involved. It does not acknowledge either the responsibility of those who instigated or took aggressive action that led to the escalation of this conflict.

We call for a serious, constructive and realistic diplomatic solution to the current crisis in Europe, via peaceful means, ensuring the security and sovereignty of all, as well as regional and international peace, stability and security.

Cuba rejects hypocrisy and double standards. It should be recalled that in 1999 the United States and NATO launched a major attack on Yugoslavia, a European country that was fragmented with a high cost in human lives, in pursuit of geopolitical objectives, disregarding the UN Charter.

The United States and several of its allies have used force on many occasions. They have invaded sovereign states to bring about regime change and interfere in the internal affairs of other nations that do not submit to their interests of domination, defending their territorial integrity and independence.

They are also responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of civilians, which they label as “collateral damage,” millions of displaced persons and widespread destruction across our planet in their wars of plunder.




Saturday, March 19, 2022


Friday, March 4, 2022

 Successful Petition Against the U.S. War on Cuba Closes-Ottawa's Official Response Pending

The parliamentary petition (e-3640) against the U.S. War on and Economic Blockade of Cuba officially closed today, Saturday, February 26 at 8:31am. The petition initiated by the Canadian Network On Cuba (CNC) is sponsored by Niki Ashton, member of Canada's parliament for the federal constituency of Churchill—Keewatinook Aski in the province of Manitoba.

Despite a relentless anti-Cuba disinformation campaign by various media outlets, especially the CBC, the petition successfully garnered 1732 supporters.  

The petition's first marker of success is reaching the required 500 signatures, compelling the Government of Canada to issue an official response.

Once the Clerk of Petition has certified that there are 500 valid signatures, the petition will then be presented to the House of Commons. Upon being presented, the Government must respond in 45-days.

The second marker is surpassing the anti-Cuba petition (e-3573), which closed on December 18, 2021 with a total of 700 signatures. This was achieved despite support of well-funded reactionary forces and sections of the Canada elite, who threw their weight behind the malicious anti-Cuba campaign.

Central to the CNC's petition was the call for the Government of Canada to take specific steps in opposing U.S. attacks on the heroic island nation and ensure that Ottawa's policy and relations with Cuba do not mirror or follow Washington's diktat.

It bears underscoring that the CNC petition builds on the success of the previous petition (e-3456) that was launched in 2021 during the last parliamentary session when 3,375 citizens and residents of Canada emphatically demanded an end to the U.S. economic siege and blockade of Cuba.

Thousands of Canadians signed both petitions, declaring that Cuba is not alone by condemning Washington’s economic war and campaign of subversion.

Canadians are sending a powerful and unambiguous message to Ottawa.

As we await the government's response, it is abundantly clear and undeniable that Canadians have a profound respect and admiration for the people of Cuba. Irrespective of their political or ideological positions, Canadians stand for the building of genuine friendship with the island nation: relations based on mutual respect, equality, and recognition of Cuba’s right to self-determination and sovereignty.

¡Cuba sí, bloqueo no!
No to the U.S. War on Cuba!
Isaac Saney
Co-Chair and Spokesperson
Canadian Network On Cuba


Sunday, January 9, 2022

 63 Years of Revolution: 

63 Years of Independence, Justice and Human Dignity!

January 1st, 2022, marks the 63rd anniversary of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution, when the people of Cuba led by Fidel Castro, seized their destiny in their own hands, affirming and exercising their right to self-determination, authentic freedom, and human dignity. The Canadian Network On Cuba (CNC) on behalf of the Canada-Cuba friendship and solidarity movement, sends to the people of Cuba, the Cuban government and Cuba’s revolutionary leadership our warmest greetings on this occasion.

In 2021, Cuba weathered the COVID-19 pandemic, providing an example to the world by achieving one of the world's highest rates of vaccination through its own vaccines, which, with its immense generosity and dedication to internationalism, it now offers to the entire planet. Cuba's success is a direct and profound challenge to the global vaccine apartheid being imposed by western pharmaceutical monopolies and imperialist states.

In the past year, the Cuban people have also confronted and defeated a concerted U.S. imperialist orchestrated, organised and financed destabilization campaign. These nefarious and internationally condemned actions were aided and abetted here in Canada, among others, by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's malicious, scurrilous, and incessant disinformation against the heroic island nation. Canadians rejected this shameful and naked alignment with the criminal U.S. war against Cuba as thousands signed various parliamentary petitions condemning Washington’s economic war and campaign of subversion and calling on the government of Canada to take concrete and meaningful steps in opposing the U.S. war on Cuba.

The CNC once more re-affirms the inalienable right of all peoples and countries to determine their future and their political, economic, and social system without external interference.

The CNC is confident that the Cuban people will overcome the challenges they face - particularly, the criminal and immoral economic and financial blockade imposed by U.S. imperialism.

As the Cuban people continue marching on the path of independence, sovereignty, social justice, self-determination, and human dignity, they are not alone as solidarity and support for the Cuban Revolution continues to grow and deepen across the world.

¡Viva la Revolución Cubana!
On behalf of the Canadian Network on Cuba
Isaac Saney, CNC Co-Chair & National Spokesperson

NSCuba welcomes the new Cuban Consul in Toronto!

CNC Co-Chair Elizabeth Hill welcomes 

Jorge Yanier Castellanos Orta, 

General Consul of the Republic of Cuba in Toronto. 

Unlocking U.S. sanctions: 

China Signs Construction & Energy Deals with Cuba

By Chris Devonshire-Ellis on January 7, 2022

Sometimes, you just have to be patient. Cuba, the Caribbean nation long a thorn in the side of the United States since Fidel Castro took control of the island against U.S. wishes, has managed to get around crippling U.S. sanctions that have rendered the islands economy backwards for over 50 years by signing reconstruction deals with China as part of the Belt and Road Initiative.

Cuba’s economy shrunk by 11% in 2020, and the government says it only began to grow slowly last year at just 2%. Cuba’s shortages of food, medicine and other basics have been worsened by decades of U.S. sanctions, which were tightened under former President Donald Trump.

China and Cuba have now signed a cooperation plan to promote construction into the country, injecting momentum for further collaboration by leveraging the complementary advantages of both parties and for cooperation between China and Latin America. China has been making inroads into Latin and Central America too as the United States ability to agree external funding for some of its closest global partners is buried under a weight of preconditions and political infighting. Never mind the proposed ‘Build Back Better World’, China is exerting control of a region now seemingly beyond Washington’s influence.

The China-Cuba deal also shows that the era of U.S. economic might is possibly damaged more than is generally realized. While the nation remains rich, political infighting has diminished its ability to contain perceived threats and extend its global influence, bending other nations to U.S. Foreign policy.

The significance of the China-Cuba deal will not be lost on Russia, also a close ally of Havana, and who have been threatened with ‘sanctions like you’ve never seen’ over the Ukraine issue. Those will mainly extend cutting Russia off from the global SWIFT payments network and persuading the EU to buy its goods and energy supplies from America instead, which might suit short-term Washington objectives but will ultimately cede global power and influence beyond Western Europe and North America to Beijing and Moscow.

But back to the China-Cuba deal. He Lifeng, head of the National Development and Reform Commission, China’s top economic planner, and Cuban Deputy Prime Minister Ricardo Cabrisas, signed off the agreement on Christmas Day, clarifying key cooperation content and projects for China and Cuba under the BRI, including infrastructure, technology, culture, education, tourism, energy, communications, and biotechnology. This have been coordinated as many BRI agreements have been, to fit alongside Cuba’s short and longer-term development plans, and come with a proposed timetable and implementation roadmap.

The signing of this agreement shows that the two countries have accelerated their cooperation and highlighted China’s principle of mutual benefit on the basis of equality toward countries in Latin America, especially after the resumption of diplomatic relations between China and Nicaragua–another Latin American nation long sanctioned by Washington.

Zhou Zhiwei, a research fellow on Latin American studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences noted in the Global Times that the agreement will help Cuba’s economic recovery and improve local livelihoods, as well as promoting cooperation between China and Latin America in tourism and energy. “Cuba is rich in mineral and oil resources and is a major source of nickel ore for China. The country also has large potential for development in agriculture and tourism,” he said.

China and Cuba have achieved results in energy cooperation in recent years. In terms of traditional energy, Chinese companies have carried out related cooperation projects in Cuba. In the new-energy sector, including wind power and photovoltaics, cooperation has been increased.

Cuba became a member of the BRI energy partnership in October 2021, a partnership network that now has 32 members and aims to promote energy cooperation in BRI markets as countries pursue a low-carbon transition. Energy has always been the focus of Cuba’s socioeconomic development plan, with Havana proposing that 24% of its electricity supply will come from renewable energy sources by 2030.

“China is actively maintaining the normal order of international relations and striving to promote common development across the world, unlike the U.S., which, under the banner of democracy, has imposed an economic embargo on some Latin American countries, interfering in their internal affairs and limiting cooperation among foreign companies,” Zhou noted.

China is Cuba’s largest trading partner in goods, and Cuba is China’s second-largest trading partner in the Caribbean. Cuba exports mainly sugar and nickel to China. It imports a broad array of supplies, ranging from machinery and transportation equipment to raw materials and food. The country has also recently become an observer nation to Russia’s Eurasian Economic Union, suggesting a Free Trade Agreement could soon be in the offing.

Washington meanwhile must be wondering exactly how the economic might it has been used to wielding via sanctions came to be so badly frittered away. Clearly, with China turning up in Cuba, when in 1962 the U.S. was able to rebuff Russia, the sanctions and economic threat strategies the United States have been so eager to deploy need a complete rethink. They simply now do not work–China has developed an economic vaccine.

Source: Monthly Review


United Nations General Assembly
Cuban President Miguel Diaz Canel Bermudez
Streamed Live September 23, 2021